To answer your question, we need to explain a little bit about the birth history of TRIPS or the commercial aspects of intellectual property rights. The entry of intellectual property protection into the global trading system at the time, known as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), could not be dissociated from the role of the United States, which presented proposals for negotiations on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights. The European Community has also proposed guidelines and objectives. Contrary to the proposals of those countries, India was one of the countries that strongly opposed the idea of including the protection of intellectual property rights. However, after a debate between developing and developed countries, the winner is most interested in protecting their works, namely industrialized countries. On April 12, 1982, the Government passed the Copyright Act No. 6 of 1982 (Copyright Act 1982) to replace Dutch copyright. The adoption of the Copyright Act of 1982 aims to promote and protect the creation and dissemination of cultural products in the fields of science, arts and literature and to accelerate the growth of the intelligence of the life of the nation. On 19 September 1987, the Government of Indonesia passed Law No.
7 of 1987 as an amendment to Copyright Law No. 12 of 1982. The explanation of Law No. 7 of 1987 makes it clear that amendments have been made to Law No. 12 of 1982 due to the increase in copyright infringements, which can endanger social life and destroy human creativity. Therefore, in answer to your question, we can clarify that the TRIPS Agreement does not protect intellectual property rights at international level. In the international field, each area of intellectual property rights has its own international conventions as they develop over time. For example, in the field of copyright, certain international conventions apply to signatory states: in 1953, the Minister of Justice made an announcement which is the first national means of patent regulation, namely the announcement of the Minister of Justice No. J.S. 5/41/4, which regulates the filing of a national patent application, and the announcement by the Minister of Justice No. J.G.
1/2/17, which regulates the temporary filing of applications. Patents abroad. Trips Agreement is not a rule for the protection of intellectual property rights. Trips Agreement is an agreement that is part of the WTO agreement signed by its member states and requires all members to establish rules on intellectual property rights in their respective countries. Historically, since the 1840s, there have been laws and regulations regarding intellectual property rights in Indonesia….