It remains to be seen whether the rules of the EEG 2021 project will stimulate or hinder the AAE market. The Federal Wind Energy Association (BWE) sees no reason to be concerned in the current discussion on EEG modification. According to Wolfram Axthelm, Managing Director of BWE, the EEG transitional rules are not an obstacle to Power Purchase agreements. Greenpeace Energy is positive about the possibility of funding post-EEG projects through PPAs. As a result, the energy cooperative has increased its share of wind energy in the electricity mix. Nefino`s recent analysis of the advent of wind turbines in Germany with no repowering potential also shows that PPAs are important as a bridge solution to prevent production capacity from collapsing. For example, 23% of German wind turbines need a new form of marketing of the electricity produced by 2025 – otherwise they should be closed. The sponsor of the study is swiss electricity producer and energy service provider Alpiq. On-site PPAs(also direct-line AAEs): in the case of on-site PPAs, ED facilities are generally built and operated directly on the buyer`s land or in the immediate vicinity by the EE operator. The supply of energy is provided by a direct line to the buyer. Electricity is therefore made available without recourse to the public electricity grid and the payment of electricity is made on the basis of the contractual price of electricity.
As a general rule, the buyer will enter into a complementary electricity supply contract for the EF for the supply of residual electricity. In practice, these are often simpler models, which we already see in part in practice. Financial AAEs (including financial or synthetic AAEs) are possible for financial LDCs and can be distinguished on a case-by-case basis, including contract for difference (CFD) and option transactions. What all financial PPPs have in common is that they are purely financial contracts between the operator of the SER facility and the customer, which are not intended to provide electricity in an accounting or physical manner. In the case of a contract for difference, it is generally agreed, for example. B, that the buyer will pay the difference from the fixed price of the AAE if the market price is lower than the fixed price of the AAE. Conversely, the operator pays the buyer the difference from the fixed price of AAEs, provided that the market price obtained is higher than the fixed price of the AAEs. Therefore, regardless of market price, the EE operator always receives the fixed price of AAEs agreed by kWh and must not exceed amounts that exceed the fixed price. Source: Uibeleisen / Groneberg – Ashurst Definition: As part of the overhaul of the Renewable Energy Directive (Renewable Energy Directive), the EU has also looked at PPPs. In the future, Article 2, point 17, of the EEA Directive contains, among other things, a legal definition. It states that a “renewable power purchase agreement” is a “contract in which a natural or legal person agrees to purchase renewable electricity directly from an electricity producer.” Off-Site PPA (also Sleeved-PPA): in the case of off-site PPAs, production is independent of the buyer`s location, i.e.
the EE operator builds and operates the EE facility on a site potentially particularly suitable for energy and supplies the electricity generated in the general supply network. Physical aerating is therefore provided by the use of the public electricity grid and not by a private direct line. For the corresponding production capacity, the EE operator is able to supply several customers off-site.